W3C MathML 3.0 Approved as ISO/IEC International Standard

w3cby Angela Guess

A recent article reports, “Today the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), together with Joint Technical Committee JTC 1, Information Technology of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), announced approval of the MathML Version 3.0 2nd Edition as an ISO/IEC International Standard (ISO/IEC 40314:2015). MathML is the mark-up language used in software and development tools for statistical, engineering, scientific, computational, and academic expressions of math on the Web. The Mathematical Markup Language provides ways to describe in XML both the visual presentation of formulas (with mathematical symbols, built-up formulas, and font styles) and their semantics (with reference to different domains of mathematics). Its first version, MathML 1, was released in 1999.”

The article continues, “MathML is an important asset for the semantic Web. It can not only describe the visual, two-dimensional structure of a built-up formula, but also its semantics relative to different mathematical models, thanks to its integration of standard “dictionaries” from the OpenMath Society. Different branches of mathematics often use similar-looking formulas, so some disambiguation makes automatic interpretation a lot easier. ‘This ISO standard is very timely,’ said Dr. Bert Bos, Math Activity Lead at W3C. ‘MathML 3.0 improves accessibility authoring capabilities such as speech output. It continues to be the most successful interchange format between the major mathematical software packages, and is now on its way to become the lingua franca for all mathematics on the Web because of its recent inclusion in HTML5 and the Open Web Platform’.”

Read more here.

photo credit: W3C

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